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Tourist Destinations - Patiala

Gurdwara Shri Dukhniwaran Sahib

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Gurdwara Dukh Nivaran Sahib: —-This Sikh shrine is located in the small village of Lehal which is now a part of Patiala city. A local tradition says that one Bhag Ram, a villager of the jhivar caste from Lehal village, went to the nearby town of Saifabad (now Bahadurgarh) to meet the visiting Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur. He pleaded with the Guru to visit and bless Lehal village so that its inhabitants could get rid of a mysterious sickness which had been plaguing the village for a long time. Shortly thereafter, the Guru visited the village and often sat meditating and preaching under a banyan tree by the side of the village pond. The village was soon rid of the sickness. The place where the Guru sat came to be known as Dukh Nivaran, meaning the eradicator of suffering. Devotees visiting the shrine have great faith in the healing qualities of the water in the sacred tank (sarovar) by the gurdwara.

Raja Amar Singh of Patiala (1748-82) had a garden laid out on the site as a memorial to the Guru’s stay which he entrusted to Nihang Sikhs. A committee of local people began collecting funds and started construction of the shrine. On completion, the gurdwara passed under the control of the state. Decades later, its control was finally passed on to the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee.

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Apart from the shrine and the sacred tank, there is huge building complex spread over several acres. It now also has a big multistoried rest house where devotees can stay overnight for a few days. The shrine now has a two-storey gateway with beautiful mirror work on its inner walls and a black and white marble floor. On the left of the pathway leading to the main building of the shrine is a small ornate glass case marking the site where Guru Tegh Bahadur once sat under the banyan tree. The central two-storey building has a domed pavilion on its top, and is built on a raised base with a domed chamber at each of its four corners. The lotus dome on the top is pinnacled and has a round sun window on each side. There are domed pavilions at the corners. The floor in interior of the hall is paved with marble slabs in grey and white. The ceiling has stucco work in floral design while the walls are covered with white marble. The sacred book of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib is placed under a richly decorated cloth canopy at the end of the main hall. To the right is the sacred tank for the pilgrims to bathe in. Just before sunset, the main building of the shrine with its gold-plated domes and the water of the sacred tank reflecting the changing colours of the evening sky in the backdrop, present an unforgettable sight. Devotees can be seen sitting here for hours listening to the soft sounds of ‘kirtan’ (hymns) being played on the loudspeakers.

On the left of the shrine is a massive hall called the Guru ka Langar (the Guru’s community kitchen), where visitors of all castes and religions can enjoy free meals several times a day. The shrine now has underground as well as overground parking lots for the vehicles of the visitors which can even accommodate buses and trucks. On the fifth day of the light half of each lunar month, a large number of devotees throng the shrine to pay obeisance and have a dip in the sacred tank for the festival of Basant Panchami which is held every year to mark the visit of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.

The shrine is being administered by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, a mini-parliament of the Sikhs based in Amritsar in Punjab.

Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports

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Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports is the largest sports institute of Asia and is popularly known as NIS Patiala. This complex was made by the Maharaja of Patiala. Later this building was dedicated for the promotion of sports by his offspring.

NSNIS is always known as “Mecca” of Indian games. This institute created many highly talented coaches which showed their efficiency and proficiency in preparing teams for International competitions.

In ancient times this place was the house of Maharaja of Patiala. It is in old Moti Bagh Palace But now days this is an Academic Wing of the Sports Authority of India. On 7th May, 1961 it was established by the Government of India with the prime objective of developing sports and to impart training to the coaches in various sports. On 23rd January, 1973, it was renamed as a Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports (NSNIS).

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Following sports facilities are available in NSNIS, Patiala:
1)Gymnasium & Swimming Pool Complex
2)Athletic Track – Synthetic (8 Lanes), Grass (4 Lanes) and Cinder (8 Lanes)
3)Volleyball, Handball & Judo
4)2 Squash Courts
5)3 Indoor Halls for Wrestling, weightlifting, Boxing, Basketball, Badminton, Table Tennis
6)Area for Throws Tennis (4 hard & 1 grass court)
7)Archery Ground
8)9-Hole Golf Course
9)2 Football Grounds
10)4 Volleyball courts
11)Turf Wicket Cricket Ground & 6 Cricket Nets
12)Cycling Velodrome
13)2 Basketball Cement Courts
14)Hockey Field Astroturf and 3 Grass Fields
15)2 Handball Grounds
16)5-Lane Jogging /Cross Country Track

Major achievements of NSNIS
1.Major Dhyan Chand winner of Gold Medal in 1928 Amsterdam Olympics
2.PT Usha winner of Seoul Asiad shoes in 1986.

Contact Information
Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports
Old Moti Bagh, Patiala -147001
Punjab-INDIA
Phone No: 0175-2215289
Fax No. 0175-2212070

Kali Devi Temple

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One of the consecrated place of worship for the Hindus, the Kali Devi Temple in the city of Patiala in the Indian state of Punjab, is devoted to the Hindu goddess Durga—an incarnation of Kali Mata (Mother Kali). Located on the Mall Road of this city, the magnificent temple lies just in front of the Baradari Garden next to the Rajendra Tank. The temple was built by the late Maharaja Bhupinder Singh in 1936. The maharaja brought the six-foot idol of Kali Devi and the “pawan jyoti” (sacred flame) from the East Indian city of Calcutta. The temple is an architectural wonder from the great days gone by when the city was ruled by the great Patiala maharajas who were great promoters of art and culture.

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The Hindu temple draws many devotees from places across India , who visit the temple to seek divine blessings for eternal happiness from the great goddess Durga. Visitors to the temple can witness traditional rituals and customs of the Hindu society that have been passed down the ages to the modern day India. It may be of great interest to Hindu visitors that one can still observe traditional rituals being performed at this temple, which are slowly fading away with gradual westernization of the Indian society.

The temple inspires the devotees to rigorously adhere to all the great age old customs of Hinduism.
The sacred sanctorum of the Kali Devi Temple bears witness to the rich Hindu architecture and art of the ancient times. The walls of the temple have beautiful sceneries and mural paintings from the great Hindu epics and mythology that add to its beauty; so much so that it has been declared a national monument. The attractive and colorful paintings on the walls draw devotees from far off places that throng the holy shrine in search of eternal happiness. Interestingly, an older temple to a Hindu deity Raj Rajeshwari also stands in the middle of the temple complex.

Deer Park

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The Deer Park is situated on the Dakala road. It is just 5-6 kms away from the main city. It is open on all days except Saturdays. By paying a small fee anyone can visit the park. The best time to visit this park is between sunrise and sunset. The park has lush green grasses, shady trees of many varieties and a long water body. It is a fine place to find peace because it is situated well outside the city and is pollution free. People normally visit this place for picnics and walks. Children simply love the place, especially watching the wild animals in their enclosures.

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Visit of deer park gives relaxation from hectic life of city. The park is divided into two sections: one is garden area and another one is a zoo. Zoo is a main attraction for children. Zoo consists of number of varieties of animals like different species of sparrows, monkeys, alligators, peacocks, rabbits and above all as its name tells lots of deer’s. It is really a heaven for bird watchers. Visiting this park is a fantastic way of bringing kids closer to nature.

A visit to this park is a welcome relaxation from the hectic life of the city.The park is divided into two sections: one is a garden area and the other one is a zoo. The zoo is the main attraction for the children. The zoo consists of a number of varieties of animals like different species of sparrows, monkeys, alligators, peacocks, rabbits and deer. The visitor learns a lot about the deer. Visiting this park is a great way of bringing kids closer to nature. The park is really a haven for bird watchers as well.

A small cafeteria near the entrance to the park provides snacks and cold drinks at reasonable rates.

Baradari Garden

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The importance Baradari garden can be ascertained from its name. This name was formed with two words of Punjabi Bara and Dar. Bara stands for twelve and dar stands for doors. It means garden with twelve entrances. It was built in a mughal style in 1876 by Rajinder singh. Baradari gardens are in the north of Patiala city. It is situated in the outer part of Sheranwala Gate. Baradari gardens were constructed near the Baradari palace. Baradari palace was a residence of Emperor Rajinder Singh. He brought rare species of trees and flowers from different places and planted them in this garden. The big fruit trees the Fern House and the Rock Garden shows his interest towards nature. Another name of Rajinder Kothi is Baradari Kothi because it is situated near the Baradari Garden. Today, the Baradari Palace is a warehouse of important historical documents.

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Baradari Palace is restored by Neemrana Hotels. This is a first venture of Neemrana non-hotel hotels chain in Punjab. It is the first heritage Hotel in Punjab. Baradari Palace, has 6 rooms and 11 suites.
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Maharani club: This club is situated in Baradari garden. This club is also known as Rajindera gym khanna club.To visit this club, you have to be a member of it.

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Dhruv pandav stadium: This is a famous international stadium of cricket located in Baradari complex.

Church: This is a biggest church in Patiala. It is wonderfully decorated on the occasion of Christmas.
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Bahadurgarh Fort

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The Bahadurgarh Fort is 6 kilometers away from Patiala city. It is situated on the Patiala-Chandigarh road. The fort was constructed by Nawab Saif Khan in 1658 A.D and later renovated by a Sikh ruler Maharaja Karam Singh in 1837. The construction of the entire fort was completed in eight years. A sum of ten lakh rupees was spent on its construction. It covers an area of 2 sq.kms. The fort is enclosed within two rounded walls and a moat. The circumference of the fort is slightly over two kilometers.

The name Bahadurgarh fort was given by Maharaja Karam Singh as a tribute to the Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur who stayed here for three months and nine days before leaving for Delhi. The fort consist of a historical Gurdwara Sahib (a Sikh temple) named Gurdwara Sahib Patshai Nauvin.This Gurudwara shows fine Sikh architecture. This gurudwara is controlled by the Shiromini Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee. People visit this gurdwara on the occasion of the festival of Baisakhi on April 13, every year.

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A mosque is also present in the fort. It was built by Saif Khan in the year 1668. The tomb of Saif Khan is situated 300 yards away from the fort. In the memory of Saif Khan a fair is organized during June and January. It is named as Mela Roza Sharit Nawab Saif Ali.

No doubt the town of Bahdurgarh has a rich historical background but nowadays it is better known for the Milk Food and Escorts factories. These industries provide plentiful employment opportunities to the local residents.

Quila Mubarak Complex

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Patiala city of emperors, gardens and palaces has a huge heritage. Quila Mubarak a Historical National Monument of Patiala is situated in the heart of the city and the oldest part of Patiala. The palace was built by Maharaja Ala Singh in 1764 .In earlier days, Quila Mubarak was just a kuch-garhi of a mud fort but later it was named as Quila Mubarak. It was reconstructed with baked bricks. It was again renovated into a sprawling two-storied mansion with a grand entrance with elaborate arches. A huge part of the fort was changed into a heritage museum. The construction of the inner palace was completed by Maharaja Amar Singh (1765-1781 AD). The royal members of the Patiala reign occupied Quila Androon or the Inner Fort. Maharaja Sahib Singh (1781- 1813 AD), Maharaja Karam Singh (1813 AD – 1845 AD) Maharaja Narinder Singh (1845 AD to 1862) also lived in this fort. The Quila Mubarak complex stands in 10-acre ground in the heart of the city and has the main palace or Quila Androon the guesthouse Darbar Hall or Ran Baas.

The Quila is followed by the Quila Chowk and surrounded by three major commercial markets, Bajaj Bazaar, the Gur Mandi, and Shah Nashin Bazaar. The Adalat Bazaar starts from the Quila and ends at the Anardana Chowk.

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The Quila Mubarak Complex includes several buildings, namely the Ran Basa, Quila Androon, Darbar Hall, Sard Khana, Jalau Khana Quila Mubarak Gateway and the boundary walls. Quila Mubarak Gateway is the only entrance for Quila Mubarak Complex which leads to Quila Androon Chowk. The whole structure of Quila Androon can be watched from this space. It is made of red sandstone and carries the exterior of a multiple domes. Androon Gateway is in the inner boundary of the Quila Androon Chowk. The whole gateway is constructed with stucco work. Upper portion of this building was probably used by the king to direct over the functions performed in the court.

This building was constructed in the first half of the 20th century; the Quila was used by various people for various activities. Today, due to lack of relationship between the local people and the Quila, the building is loosing its meaning for the outsiders or visitors. The cultural importance of Quila Mubarak still lies in its form and the way in which its space has been utilized within it.
Quila Androon has a grand gateway as mentioned above. Central axis is located with its northern front wall. It is almost in a square shape. It is very simple in outer look but the gateway is decorated with stucco work.

The Quila is divided in multiple courtyards. Each courtyard is indicating as a palace. Three axis are located with every court. These are known as central, the eastern and the western axis. West courtyards of the central axis are private- residential in nature. The east axis zone is more for public use including performing music and art. A passage between central and east axis leads to the houses the jyot—a sacred flame that was brought from Jwalamukhi by Baba Ala Singh, the founder of Patiala and it continues to be lit till date. The jyot is kept in raised court. Design of the rooms shows the purpose of the construction. The Rang Mahal is an elaborately painted chamber and large in size meant for royal audience—Diwan-i-khas. Whereas Quila Androon itself is a Diwan-i-am or the public court.

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