History Of Patiala
Patiala a Royal city, the land of Maharajas is famous for its ‘peg’, ‘pagri’, ‘dresses’, ‘jutti’, ‘Patiala sahi salwar’, Reshmi naale , Food like ‘Makki de roti’ and ‘Saraason da saag’, folk songs , dances like Gidha and Bhangra , its traditions and culture.
In 1714 A.D Baba Ala Singh assumed its leadership. Patiala formerly known as ‘Ala De Patti’ because Baba Ala Singh was the founder of this place. In 1763 Baba Ala Singh laid the foundation of “Quila Mubarak”. The city is built around the Qila Mubarak . The area of district Patiala is known as “Malwa”.
“Maharaja Bhupindra” Singh (1900-1930) had given Patiala a prominent place in politics and in the field of sports. Big architectural designs were constructed during his time. “Yadwindra Singh” son of Maharaja Bhupindra Singh, came towards the front to sign the instrument of accession Hindus of Sirhind settle first at Patiala. They opened their business outside the”Darshni Gate”. The lower cast got place in Patiala city known as “Chur Majris”. The other localities were of Dancing Girls. Dharampura Bazar abundant by ruling Elite. Under the rule of Maharaja Narender Singh (1845-1862) has given embarkation round a fortified place and ten gates around Patiala were constructed.
Now a days some of the gates have been destroyed to make easy flow of traffic. Inside these walls there are mandis and markets of the cost suitable for purchasing of luxury and traditional goods. Patiala is in forefront from the education. In the country, it was the first town who have degree college that is the ”Mohindra college” (1870). Patiala gharana is one of the most prominent gharanas of vocal Hindustani Classical Music . It has the number of musicians, they came to Patiala after after the brake up into pieces of Mughal court at delhi in 18th century. “Ustad Ali Baksh”, his son “Ustad Akhtar Hussain” Khan and “Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan” got worldwide fame and glory. It continues through the north zone culture center, settle on permanent basis at Patiala.
The Main Architectural of Patiala
The main architectural of Patiala are Quila Mubarak, Moti Bagh Palace, Sheesh Mahal and Museum Bahadurgarh Fort, Baradari Gardens, Government Mahindra College and Gurudawara Dukh Niwaran Sahib. The Quila Mubarak was first made up of mud was known as ”Mud Fort” or “Kachi Garhi”. Then Baba Ala Singh made the “Pacca Quila”. It is on the “Grand Trunk Road”. Its interiors and Quila and rooms was built by Baba Ala Singh. Now Quila is separated into two parts. “Moti Bagh Palace” is also a great architectural place was constructed in 1847 by ”Maharaja Narendara Singh”. It was cost of 5 lakhs on that time as Swai Jai Singh of Jaipur Mahraja Narendara Singh was also a great builder. Its designing is as like as “Shalimar Gardens” of Lahor with beautiful gardens, water channels, terraces and ”Sheesh Mahal”. It has a rope bridge which is known as ”Lakshman Jhula”. Sheesh Mahal was constructed by Maharaja Narendara Singh. He was a lover of music , Literature and Fine Arts. The walls of Sheesh Mahal were painted by painters from Kangla and Rajasthan invited by Maharaja Narenadra Singh.
The vision in poetry of Keshav, Bihari, and Surdas, and colours were depicted in their work. Fine object of Tibetan art particularly carvings of Punjab, sculpture of different kinds of metals, royal wooden carved furniture and large number of Kashmiri and Burmese objects are exhibited there.
“Baradari Gardens” are situated in the north of old Patiala city, opposite “Sheranwala Gate”. Its built around “Baradari Palace” as a residence for the crown prince “Rajinder Singh”. He was a great lover of nature. There are all kinds of rare trees , huge fruit trees, the rock garden and the fern house. This palace is now Punjab state archives